Important Dates during the Warsaw Uprising 1944
1 August - 17.00, hour "W"- The Uprising breaks out.
4 August - Teatralny Sq. - The poet Krzysztof Kamil Baczyński is killed.
5 August - Black Sunday. Some 40 000 citizens in the district of Wola are massacred by the Germans.
8 August - The first broadcast of radio "Lightning".
11 August - The Wola district falls.
13 August - A Trojan tank explodes on Kilińskiego St.
20 August - The PASTA building is taken.
31 August - Evacuation of the Old Town by the sewers.
2 September - Old Town district falls (7 000 fighters are killed).
6 September - The Powiśle district falls.
8 September - Thousand of citizens flee the besieged city.
14 September - The Red Army and the 1st Polish Army occupy the district of Praga.
27 September - The district of Mokotów capitulates.
30 September - The district of Żoliborz capitulates.
2 October - The city of Warsaw capitulates.
4 October - The last broadcast of radio "Lightning".
It is not possible to understand Warsaw without looking at this city and remembering that it was here that the bloodiest uprising against the Nazis in Europe took place during World War II. The Warsaw Uprising
as it became to be known were 63 days of heroic struggle against the occupying German forces. These battles are remembered on street corners or where the fighting was the fiercest by commemorative inscriptions on the walls of buildings, in the squares and as monuments across the city. They are important places of memorial and are a moment of sober contemplation of the not so distant past. Some of them record decisive scenes of battle or horrific reprisals where many civilians were murdered.
Powązki Military Cemetery
(bus 180 final stop). Open 08.00 till dusk. This is a special place for Polish people, not just for those who live in Warsaw. In the Alley of Honour there are tombs of Polish patriots, poets, national heroes (and communist public figures who were placed in this sacred ground because of their political beliefs). On the right side of the Alley there are graves, wooden and concrete crosses, monuments and sculptures to remind us of the tremendous civilian losses during the Warsaw Uprising. Take a walk in the quiet and read the names, where they died, and the age of those who gave their lives for liberty... Especially their age... Here lie those who paid the highest price for a free Warsaw and a free Poland.
The Warsaw Uprising Monument
(see route 1, point 10). After the bloody sacrifice of WWII, the survivors of the Uprising had to struggle after the war with communist politicians and bureaucrats for the right to create a monument to the Warsaw Uprising. They succeeded...on the 1st August 1989 when this impressive monument by Wincenty Kuśma was unveiled. On the corner of the street you will see a table and glass plaque in the wall of the building and a special brick line on the street marking the way to the sewers where more than 5 thousand people escaped, those who had survived the battles around the Old Town on the 30th August 1944. They were headed through the sewers to the Żoliborz district but many did not reach their destination.
The Little Insurgent Monument
(Podwale St., 100 m beyond the Barbican at the city walls). This commemorates the scouts and the younger participants, the children, of the Uprising. Unveiled on the 1st October 1981, it was made by Jerzy Jarnuszkiewicz and donated by him to the Scouts of Warsaw.
with tank tracks on the ground opposite the Little Insurgents Monument near the Auto Barcelona salon is to remind us of that fateful day 13th August 1944. The defenders of Warsaw and the Old Town had succeeded in capturing a German tank and had brought it inside the barricades. As they were celebrating this victory the tank exploded. It was a 'Trojan Horse' filled with explosives. Some 500 fighters and inhabitants of the Old Town were killed.
The ruins of the Polish Bank
(200 m from Bankowy Sq., Bielańska St.). Situated in the very centre of the city these ruins are to remind us of what the city looked like in 1945 when 85% of Warsaw had been destroyed. At the end of the Uprising on the personal orders of Hitler Warsaw was to be completely leveled. As the Russian Army watched from the eastern shores of the Vistula, as they had done throughout the Uprising, the city's buildings were mined and blown up. When the Russian Army and the Ist Polish Army entered Warsaw on the 17th January 1945 they were welcomed by a dead city, by the ruins of a pre war city of more than a million inhabitants. Some 850 000 Warsaw citizens perished during the war years, this includes the 170 000 people who died during the Warsaw Uprising.
The Warsaw Uprising Museum
, Grzybowska 79 St., tram 1, 20, 22, 24, 32 - tram stop MUZEUM POWSTANIA WARSZAWSKIEGO. Open MON, WED, FRI 08.00-18.00; THU 08.00-20.00, SAT-SUN 10.00-18.00; THU 08.00-20.00. Adult ticket 14 zł
, reduced 10 zł
, Sun free entry. This is a monument to Poland's independence. Here you will find the answers to why the Uprising broke out. Why ordinary people decided to fight though their chances of victory were very low. Why they fought and died for a free Poland while the Russian army waited on the other banks of the river Vistula river from August 1944 to January 1945 and refused to help, watching the city being destroyed. This multimedia museum (in Polish and in English) will help you understand that this battle for freedom finally did succeed. Not in 1944 but in 1989. This museum is a monument to the sacrifice of those who gave their lives in the fight for freedom. The idea to create the museum was obviously not popular during communist period of Polish history. Even after 1989 when Poland became truly independent it took almost 14 years to create this museum-monument.It is a place of memory. Of times that must not be forgotten. It is suitable for families as special children section is created here as well. Reserve 2 hours.
Last update January 2012